What Do ESG Investors Do?

by | Nov 24, 2023 | ESG

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ESG is an acronym, with each letter representing a different lens that some investors use to determine if a given stock or bond is a smart buy. Before putting their money at risk, all traditional and ESG investors consider how much revenue a firm generates, how much profit it makes, and the prospects.

What is ESG?

Then, ESG investors add a few additional specific factors.

1. Environment

It can pay to avoid corporations with bad environmental records, the theory goes, because they are more likely to face significant fines from regulators. Or their enterprises may be more vulnerable to future government measures to safeguard the environment. Such dangers may be overlooked by people who rely solely on traditional investment analyses, resulting in overpriced stock prices, according to ESG supporters. As a result, the danger would be too significant.

On the other hand, gauging a company’s environmental consciousness may reveal companies with a greater chance for the future. Companies that worry about the effects of climate change might be more ready for its consequences, such as potential water damage at production sites or increasing wildfire threats.

2. Social

This broad area concentrates on a company’s interactions with people, both inside and externally. ESG Investors assessing a company’s social effect frequently consider how pay is fair and whether working conditions are acceptable, for example, because this can contribute to higher employee retention, reduced turnover costs, and, eventually, higher profits. Others view a company’s data security and privacy track record as sloppy standards that can lead to leaks that drive customers away. Some ESG investors advocate for this, claiming that employees and consumers desire to hear it. Although not every ESG investor examines these aspects, they are all under the “S” umbrella.

3. Governance

Governance means that the company is well-run. This includes connecting executives’ pay to the company’s performance, whether measured by stock price, profitability, or anything else and having strong, unbiased directors act as a significant check on CEOs.

How Major is ESG?

Investors who utilize one or more ESG criteria or press firms on such problems as a group will control $8.4 trillion in US-domiciled assets in 2022. Based on the most recent data from US SIF, a trade organization serving the environmentally friendly and responsible investment industry. That’s enough cash to buy Tesla, among the most valued stocks in the United States, 11 times over. It also means that ESG accounted for $1 of every $8 in all assets under professional management in the United States.

With the stock and bond markets crashing last year, the capital inflow into ESG funds has decreased since peaking in early 2021. US sustainable funds will earn a net of $3 billion by 2022. Sharp declines in investment prices have prompted concerns, as has the rising political opposition. During the final three months of 2022, a challenging period for financial markets, investors took about $6.2 billion more out of sustainable funds than they put in. Despite the slump, demand for sustainable funds remains more significant than that for their traditional counterparts.

What Impact Does It Have?

ESG investors advocate for more significant interaction with firms to share their environmental, social issues, and governance concerns. They are also voting with ESG issues in mind at annual shareholder meetings. In 2021, a relatively modest fund known as Engine No. 1 stunned corporate America by convincing some of Wall Street’s top investment firms to support its plan to replace three directors on Exxon Mobil’s board of directors, citing a decarbonizing world. Investors are also pressuring leaders across corporate America to provide more information on their carbon footprints, human rights impacts, and racial equity audits. It’s all part of the industry’s growth from its early days, when “socially responsible” investing was very simple. Early funds would guarantee not to purchase stocks in tobacco businesses, weapons manufacturers, or other unsavoury companies.

What are the Potential Benefits of ESG Investing for Investors?

What are the Potential Benefits of ESG Investing for Investors?


1. ESG Investors in the US

US investors take personal values into account when making stock purchases. However, this is not their top concern when investing and is something the majority focuses little on before making stock purchases. Nearly half of those polled are interested in ESG investing, but just one in four have heard much about it.

Although only some investors are familiar with or have acquired sustainable investment funds, their prospective desire to do so is indicated in a separate inquiry of employed investors.

Seven in ten full-time or part-time investors say they would certainly (13%) or definitely (57%) include sustainable investment funds in their 401(k) if the company’s plan offered them. Most of the remaining three-in-ten investors (25%) say they would likely skip including them in their portfolio, while 5% say they would certainly not.

2. ESG Investors in Singapore

As ESG measurements become more critical in investing decisions, Singapore permits domestically listed companies to report environmental, social, and governance data. According to a joint release, the Singapore Exchange Ltd. and the Monetary Authority of Singapore, or MAS, unveiled ESGenome on September 12, a digital disclosure platform that provides investors with a standardized summary of 27 key ESG metrics of companies. Furthermore, based on materiality and business needs, listed companies in Singapore can input data across more than 3,000 ESG metrics into the system using internationally accepted reporting guidelines and frameworks such as the Task Force on Financial Disclosures Related to Climate Change and the Global Reporting Initiative.

Investors are growing interested in thematic and impact investing, with market assets likely to increase in the next few years. According to the statement, this necessitates a change away from relying on a single aggregated ESG rating score and toward more specific measurements and source data.

Green Finance Hub

Singapore has vigorously promoted itself as Southeast Asia’s green financial centre. The country priced the world’s longest-tenor sovereign green bond on August 4 to fund initiatives such as electric rail networks. In addition, the MAS has been stress-testing and demanding disclosures to increase the industry’s resilience to climate risk.

One of the most significant issues for the sustainable finance industry has been conflicting reporting standards. One of the reasons for the formation of this platform was the inability of listed businesses to produce ESG indicators that meet the needs of investors and financiers, according to Chan Kum Kong, SGX Group managing director and head of research, during a conference call with journalists.

The portal’s capacity to auto-generate sustainability reports based on data and explanations disclosed by organizations is a fundamental element. Ideally, this will assist in altering corporations’ disclosure behaviour, such that the sustainability report is more quantitative, using SGX ESGenome instead of present reporting, which is primarily narrative-driven in glossy PDF files. According to the announcement, the ESGenome site will provide investors and financial institutions access to relevant and comparable ESG data for peer benchmarking and sustainability commitment tracking. Listed companies in Singapore can now visit the platform voluntarily, but investors will have access to it soon.

3. ESG Investors in UAE

According to a Standard Chartered analysis, retail investors in the UAE can raise more than Dh367 billion ($100 billion) for crucial environmental, social, and governance (ESG) goals, especially for funding climate transition to net zero. According to the analysis, which questioned 3,113 people in 10 marketplaces, this money might be essential in bridging funding shortages in the UAE’s other ESG objectives, such as food and water security and waste and pollution management.

According to the study, more than 40% of investors in the UAE want to put their funds toward addressing climate challenges. There is an intense desire in the UAE to elevate ESG investment from a specialized investment strategy to a popular one. The UAE is aggressively pursuing carbon-reduction objectives and last year became the first country in the Middle East to declare a net-zero aim. The UAE wants to invest $160 billion in renewable and clean energy sources over the next three decades to attain carbon neutrality by 2050.

According to the current Standard Chartered report, 38% of investors in the UAE chose climate change and carbon emissions as their top ESG issue, followed by 31% who decided on energy and resource use and 26% who chose pollution and waste management.

4. ESG Investors in India

ESG investing is gaining popularity worldwide, and India is seeing increased awareness and curiosity about sustainable and ethical investment methods. There are currently 12 mutual fund schemes in India with ESG as its environmental topic. With rising environmental and social concerns and governmental efforts to encourage ESG investing, demand for ESG funds will likely increase. ESG funds are anticipated to gain increasing attention and grow as more investors see possibilities for both monetary returns and positive impact.

In the Indian mutual fund business, ESG funds are growing in popularity, and asset management companies (AMCs) are offering equity schemes in the ESG domain under the thematic category. In the ESG arena, AMCs are now establishing exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and ETF funds of funds.

Bottom Line

When investors choose to invest in firms with high ratings in environmental, social, and governance considerations, they are engaging in ESG investing. Third-party companies and research organizations evaluate these ratings. Investors are growing more dependent on ESG ratings because they provide insight into firms’ operational performance—and how those companies deal w a wide range of risks.


Q1. What exactly are ESG investors?

The acronym ESG stands for environment, social, and governance. ESG investors want to invest in firms that enhance their results in these three areas.

Q2. Who puts money into ESG funds?

ESG investment was primarily established by and for major investors in institutions like pension money, sovereign wealth funds, endowments, etc.

Q3. What is an example of ESG investing?

Dow Jones Sustainability Index, Bloomberg ESG Data Services, Thomson Reuters ESG Research Data, and others are examples. ESG scores assess corporations’ efforts to reduce carbon footprints, use greener technologies, support community development initiatives, pay taxes, and avoid legal complications.

Also Read: ESG Rating: What Are The Standards In US, EU and Gulf Region



  • Farhan Khan

    Farhan is an accomplished Sustainability Consultant with 6-7 years of experience, He specializes in the design and execution of innovative sustainability strategies that not only mitigate environmental impact but also foster social responsibility, thereby enhancing overall business performance. With hands-on experience in ESG and BRSR reporting, as well as a wide array of assessments including gap, baseline, midline, impact, and value chain across various regions in India, Farhan brings a strategic and comprehensive approach to sustainability initiatives.

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