New Hampshire Legislators Introduce Anti-ESG Bill With Criminal Sanctions

by | Feb 22, 2024 | ESG

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In a bold move that has garnered significant attention, legislators in New Hampshire have introduced a bill to curtail Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) investing within the state. This legislative proposal is notable for its stance against ESG principles and for including criminal sanctions for violators. This feature sets it apart from similar initiatives in other states. Explore more about the Anti-ESG Bill with Criminal Sanctions in this article.

New Hampshire Legislators Introduce Anti-ESG Bill with Criminal Sanctions

The graph above illustrates the hypothetical impact of the anti-ESG bill introduced by New Hampshire legislators on investment considerations across Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors.

Before the bill, let’s assume that considerations for environmental, social, and governance factors in investments were relatively high, with percentages at 80%, 70%, and 75%, respectively. These percentages represent how these factors were integrated into investment decisions, strongly emphasizing ESG principles.

After introducing the bill, which includes criminal sanctions for incorporating ESG principles into state investment strategies, the consideration percentages for ESG factors are hypothesized to drop significantly. The graph shows a drastic decrease to 20% for environmental, 25% for social, and 30% for governance considerations. This decline illustrates the bill’s potential chilling effect on ESG considerations, as investors may become wary of integrating these factors into their decision-making processes due to the legal risks involved.

The graph effectively captures the stark contrast in ESG considerations before and after the introduction of the anti-ESG bill, highlighting the potential ramifications such legislation could have on sustainable and ethical investment practices in New Hampshire.

The Bill at a Glance

The proposed bill in New Hampshire represents a significant pushback against incorporating Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors in investment decisions, particularly those involving state funds. ESG investing, which integrates environmental stewardship, social responsibility, and governance practices alongside traditional financial analysis, has been increasingly recognized for its potential to identify long-term risks and opportunities. However, this bill reflects a concern among some New Hampshire legislators that ESG strategies may prioritize political and social agendas at the expense of financial returns.

The Anti-ESG Bill with Criminal Sanctions is notable not just for its opposition to ESG investing but for its inclusion of criminal sanctions, marking a particularly aggressive stance. It proposes making it a felony for state investment strategies to knowingly incorporate ESG principles, with penalties that could include up to 20 years in prison for violators. This approach underscores the depth of the opposition to ESG within certain segments of the New Hampshire legislature. It raises questions about balancing ethical considerations and financial performance in public investment decisions.

Also Read: What Is The Anti ESG Movement?

Understanding ESG Investing

Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) investing is a strategy that integrates environmental, social, and governance factors into traditional financial analysis and decision-making processes. The goal is to identify investments that are not only financially sound but also sustainable and ethical over the long term. Here’s a breakdown of each component:

Environmental Criteria

Environmental criteria consider how a company interacts with the environment. This includes its energy use, waste management, pollution control, and treatment of animals. The criteria also evaluate any environmental risks a company might face and how the company manages those risks. For example, in the context of the Anti-ESG Bill with Criminal Sanctions, companies involved in renewable energy production or those with lower carbon footprints might face challenges being recognized as favourable from an environmental perspective due to the bill’s constraints on considering ESG factors in investment decisions.

Social Criteria

Social criteria examine how a company manages relationships with its employees, suppliers, customers, and the communities where it operates in an increasingly complex regulatory environment, such as introducing the Anti-ESG Bill with Criminal Sanctions in New Hampshire. This includes labour standards, health and safety practices, diversity and inclusion policies, and community engagement. Even under the potential constraints imposed by the Anti-ESG Bill with Criminal Sanctions, companies that treat their workers well, have strong community relations, and maintain high customer satisfaction standards are often viewed more positively through the social lens.

Governance Criteria

Governance involves a company’s leadership, executive pay, audits, internal controls, and shareholder rights. Good governance is characterized by transparent and accountable decision-making processes, fair treatment of shareholders, and avoiding conflicts of interest among managers and board members. Companies with strong governance structures are believed to be more reliable, less risky, and better positioned for long-term success.

The Appeal of ESG Investing

ESG investing has gained popularity for several reasons:

  • Risk Management: ESG factors can indicate a company’s risk profile. For instance, companies that neglect environmental regulations may face fines or reputational damage. Similarly, poor governance practices can lead to scandals or legal troubles. By considering ESG factors, investors aim to reduce exposure to these kinds of risks.
  • Performance Potential: A growing body of evidence suggests that companies with strong ESG practices may outperform their less sustainable counterparts in the long run. This is partly because sustainable practices can lead to operational efficiencies, open new markets, and enhance brand loyalty.
  • Societal Impact: Many investors are motivated to impact the world positively. Through ESG investing, they can support companies contributing to environmental sustainability, social justice, and ethical governance.
  • Regulatory and Societal Pressure: As public awareness of environmental and social issues grows, so does the pressure on companies to act responsibly. This is reflected in stricter regulations and higher expectations from consumers, employees, and investors, making ESG considerations increasingly important.

ESG investing represents a shift in how investors evaluate potential investments, blending traditional financial analysis with ethical considerations. By focusing on companies that offer financial returns and contribute positively to society and the environment, ESG investing seeks to promote sustainable, ethical, and financially sound business practices.

The Debate Surrounding the Bill

The introduction of this anti-ESG bill has sparked a heated debate within New Hampshire and beyond. Proponents argue that the legislation is necessary to ensure that investment decisions are made solely on financial criteria, thereby protecting the state’s financial interests and the interests of taxpayers. They express concerns that ESG investing could politicize state funds and potentially compromise investment returns.

Critics of the bill, however, see it as an overreach that could hinder New Hampshire’s ability to engage in responsible and forward-thinking investment practices. They argue that ESG factors can be material to financial performance and that considering these factors is part of fiduciary duty. Moreover, some view the threat of criminal sanctions as an extreme measure that could have chilling effects on the investment community.

Implications for New Hampshire and Beyond

The implications of this bill, should it pass, are significant. For New Hampshire, it could mean a fundamental shift in managing state investments, potentially excluding a range of investment opportunities that consider ESG factors. This could also set a precedent for other states considering similar measures, contributing to a fragmented approach to ESG investing across the United States. For the broader investment community, the bill raises questions about the future of ESG investing in an increasingly polarized political landscape. While ESG principles have been gaining acceptance globally, legislative efforts like this highlight the ongoing debate and the diverse perspectives on the role of ESG considerations in investment decisions.

Some possible implications for New Hampshire are:

  1. Legal Repercussions: The introduction of an Anti-ESG Bill with criminal sanctions in New Hampshire could lead to legal challenges and disputes, impacting companies engaging in ESG practices. The legal framework and enforcement mechanisms will be crucial determinants of how organizations navigate compliance.
  2. Impact on ESG Investments: Investors, particularly those emphasizing ESG criteria, may reconsider their investments in companies based in New Hampshire due to the potential legal risks associated with the Anti-ESG Bill. This could affect the state’s economic landscape and investment attractiveness.
  3. Business Operations: Companies operating in New Hampshire may face challenges in aligning their business operations with ESG principles if the legislation imposes criminal sanctions. Compliance efforts and potential changes to established practices may be necessary.
  4. Reputation and Stakeholder Relations: Businesses promoting sustainability and responsible practices may experience reputational damage if associated with legal issues related to the Anti-ESG Bill. Maintaining positive stakeholder relations and public perception will become critical.
  5. Innovation and Sustainability Initiatives: The threat of criminal sanctions may discourage companies from investing in innovative and sustainable initiatives. Fear of legal consequences could hinder the development and implementation of projects aimed at environmental and social responsibility.
  6. Economic Competitiveness: New Hampshire’s economic competitiveness, especially in sectors aligned with ESG values, may be impacted negatively. Other states or regions with more supportive frameworks for sustainable business practices could gain a competitive edge.
  7. ESG Reporting and Transparency: The legislation may affect the willingness of companies to report on their ESG efforts transparently. Fear of legal repercussions might lead to a decrease in disclosure, hindering the availability of information for investors and the public.


The introduction of an anti-ESG bill with criminal sanctions in New Hampshire represents a significant moment in the ongoing debate over the role of environmental, social, and governance factors in investment decisions. As the bill progresses through the legislative process, it will be crucial to monitor the discourse it generates, the implications for ESG investing, and the potential ripple effects on investment practices both within New Hampshire and across the country. The outcome could have lasting impacts on the intersection of finance, ethics, and governance in the future.

Also Read: ESG Governance Best Practices And Examples



  • Dr. Tanushree Kain

    Tanushree is a passionate Environmentalist with a Doctorate in Environmental Sciences. She is also a Gold medalist in Master of Science (M.Sc), Environmental Sciences. She has 6 years of experience as a guest faculty in Environmental Sciences. With her combination of technical knowledge and research expertise, she can create clear, accurate, and engaging content that helps users get the maximum information regarding environmental topics.

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