Floating Solar Panels: The future Of Clean Energy?

by | Jan 30, 2024 | Renewable Energy, Solar Energy

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Due to its capacity to conserve ground area, floating solar panels have become a reality in recent years. For renewable energy, land utilization is becoming a major problem. People are concerned about the competing uses for land, and in some markets, it might be difficult to find suitable land. Hence, floating solar panels have emerged as a great alternative to skip land usage for placing solar panels.

By employing floating solar and 30% of reservoirs, the United States could generate half of its electrical needs. The largest floating solar farm in the United States, with a capacity of about five megawatts, is located on a wastewater pond in California.

Before digging deeply into the future of floating solar energy, let’s first grasp what is a floating solar panel and some of its major advantages.

What are Floating Solar Panels?

Floating Solar Panels: The future Of Clean Energy?

As its name implies, floating solar panels float in bodies of water. The phrase “floating solar technology” describes a photovoltaic panel mounted on the water’s surface. Placing floating solar panels on natural water bodies is not required. Floating solar arrays can be placed in man-made water bodies like a town’s water reservoir, an irrigation reservoir, or a water treatment plant. Compared to conventional land-based solar panel installation, floating solar panels are a relatively fresh and admirable concept.

Benefits of Floating Solar Panels

  • Increased energy production due to the cooling effect of water.
  • Utilization of Water Bodies.
  • Space Utilization
  • Reduced Water Evaporation
  • Improved Water Quality
  • Habitat for Aquatic Species
  • Lower Installation and Maintenance Costs

Future of Floating Solar Panel

Recent years have seen tremendous advancement in design, materials, and installation methods for floating solar technology. Its effects have been felt everywhere, from the Brazilian Amazon to Japan. Between 2015 and 2020, floating solar capacity will have increased dramatically, from 70 MWp to 1,300 MWp. Over the following ten years, the market for the technology is anticipated to increase by 43% annually, reaching $24.5 billion (£21.7 billion) by 2031.

Challenges of this New Technology

  • The floating solar power plants’ main issue is cost. A floating solar power plant’s installation and material expenses are much greater than those of a conventional one.
  • Another difficulty is maintenance since the panels must be maintained regularly because they are always damaged and corroded.
  • Floating solar arrays may significantly impact the neighbourhood environment. Floating platforms that obstruct sunlight and alter water flow may impact aquatic life and water quality.
  • A floating solar power plant’s efficiency and efficacy can be considerably impacted by its location. Site selection may be influenced by water depth, wave and wind conditions, and other marine activity can affect site selection.

Also Read: Solar Panels: Do They Require Direct Sunlight?



  • Michael Thompson

    Michael Thompson is an esteemed expert in the renewable energy sector, with a profound experience spanning over 25 years. His expertise encompasses various sustainable energy solutions, including solar, wind, hydroelectric, and energy efficiency practices. Michael discusses the latest trends in renewable energy and provides practical advice on energy conservation.

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