What Is The Hottest Pepper On Earth?

by | Jul 11, 2024 | Glossary and FAQs

Home » Glossary and FAQs » What Is The Hottest Pepper On Earth?

The world of spicy peppers is filled with solid heat and intriguing flavours. Scoville Heat Units (SHU) is a scale used to quantify the spiciness of peppers. According to Guinness World Records, the Carolina Reaper is the hottest pepper on earth. This spicy pepper, developed by Ed Currie of the PuckerButt Pepper Company in South Carolina, has an average Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) of more than 1.6 million, with some specimens surpassing 2.2 million SHU.

With its distinctive wrinkled, crimson body and short, pointed tail, the Carolina Reaper has a surprisingly sweet, fruity flavour that balances its powerful heat. Because of its intense spiciness, this pepper is a favourite among chilli fans and is used in various hot sauces and spicy dishes. Let’s look at the hottest pepper on earth, including their heat levels and origins.

The Hottest Pepper on Earth

Hottest Pepper Scoville Heat Units (SHU) Place of Origin
Carolina Reaper 1,641,183 – 2,200,000 SHU South Carolina, USA
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion 1,200,000 – 2,009,231 SHU Moruga, Trinidad and Tobago
7 Pot Douglah 923,889 – 1,853,936 SHU Trinidad and Tobago
7 Pot Barrackpore 1,000,000 – 1,300,000 SHU Trinidad and Tobago
Ghost Pepper (Bhut Jolokia) 855,000 – 1,041,427 SHU India (Assam, Nagaland, Manipur)
Komodo Dragon Pepper 1,400,000 – 2,200,000 SHU United Kingdom
Naga Viper 900,000 – 1,382,118 SHU United Kingdom
Infinity Chili 1,067,286 SHU United Kingdom
Dragon’s Breath 2,480,000 SHU United Kingdom
Pepper X 3,180,000 SHU South Carolina, USA

1. Carolina Reaper

It is the hottest pepper on earth. Ed Currie of the PuckerButt Pepper Company created this pepper, a crossbreed between a Pakistani Naga and a Red Habanero. Its characteristic wrinkled look and fiery red colour make it easy to identify.

2. Trinidad Moruga Scorpion

The Trinidad Moruga Scorpion is known for its slow-burning heat, which may take even the most experienced chilli lover off guard. Named after Trinidad’s Moruga area, this pepper has a slightly sweet and fruity flavour beneath its tremendous heat.

3. 7-Pot Douglah

This pepper, known as the Chocolate 7 Pot, is dark brown and extremely hot. The moniker “7 Pot” is derived from the idea that one pepper can heat seven pots of stew.

4. 7 Pot Barrackpore

Another member of the 7 Pot families, the 7 Pot Barrackpore, is famed for its scorching heat and fruity undertones. This type is indigenous to the Barrackpore district of Trinidad and is prized for its extreme spiciness.

5. Ghost Pepper (Bhut Jolokia)

The Ghost Pepper, Bhut Jolokia, was previously the world’s hottest pepper. Originally from Northeast India, it has a long history and is frequently used in traditional recipes. Its heat is fierce but also has a distinct, smokey flavour.

6. Komodo Dragon Pepper

The Komodo Dragon Pepper, developed in the United Kingdom, is a relatively new entrant into the spicy pepper market. It boasts a fruity flavour and a delayed, explosive heat, making it a popular choice among chilli fans.

7. Naga Viper

The Naga Viper is a hybrid pepper produced by crossing the Naga Morich, Bhut Jolokia, and Trinidad Scorpion. This pepper temporarily claimed the world record for heat and is renowned for its scorching intensity.

8. Infinity Chilli

Nick Woods of Fire Foods in Grantham, Lincolnshire, created the Infinity Chilli, which held the Guinness World Record for the hottest pepper for two weeks in 2011. Its intense heat and deep red colour make it distinctive.

9. Dragon’s Breath

Mike Smith developed Dragon’s Breath in partnership with Nottingham University, and it is a contender for the world’s hottest pepper. This pepper was once grown for medical purposes due to its anaesthetic effects, but its heat can be deadly if consumed in high numbers.

10. Pepper X

Ed Currie, the breeder of the Carolina Reaper, also created Pepper X. This pepper has yet to be officially acknowledged by Guinness World Records. Still, it is said to have more heat than any other pepper, making it the hottest pepper on the earth.

In conclusion, the race for the hottest pepper on earth is a continuing and intense battle. From the famed Carolina Reaper to the possibly dangerous Dragon’s Breath, these peppers test not just the taste buds but also the limits of human endurance. Each pepper has a distinct flavour profile and amount of heat, making the world of hot peppers a rich and exciting culinary frontier.

Whether you’re a seasoned chilli connoisseur or a complete novice, these fiery peppers provide a fantastic experience. As the search for ever-hotter kinds continues, the Scoville scale will set new records, keeping the thrill alive for chilli aficionados worldwide.

Also Read: What Are The Biggest Spiders On Earth?



  • Dr. Emily Greenfield

    Dr. Emily Greenfield is a highly accomplished environmentalist with over 30 years of experience in writing, reviewing, and publishing content on various environmental topics. Hailing from the United States, she has dedicated her career to raising awareness about environmental issues and promoting sustainable practices.

    View all posts


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Explore Categories