NOAA Announces End Of El Nino And Predicts La Niña Could Begin Next Month

by | Jun 15, 2024 | Daily News, Environmental News

Home » Environmental News » NOAA Announces End Of El Nino And Predicts La Niña Could Begin Next Month

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) announces the end of El Nino, the natural climate pattern. It’s the reason behind the warmer conditions in the tropical Pacific Ocean.

However, the El Nino effect has ended. Its counterpart, La Niña, is expected to develop soon. La Nina is characterized by cooler equatorial sea surface temperatures.

NOAA Announces End of El Niño

The Effect Of El Nino

Since last June, a strong El Niño has influenced the atmosphere. This has resulted in a wetter-than-normal winter, especially in the Southeast and California. These regions experienced 51 atmospheric rivers that brought heavy rain and snow.

Reportedly, a brief period of neutral conditions is upon us. However, climate scientists predict La Niña could form as early as July. This will increase the likelihood of active weather patterns as winter approaches.

Impact on Hurricane Season

Climate change remains the primary driver of extreme weather events. However, La Niña could enhance hurricane activity. El Niño conditions often disrupt storm formation in the Atlantic Basin, while La Niña fosters calm conditions and warm ocean temperatures.

This will create a conducive environment for hurricanes and tropical cyclones. The Atlantic Ocean’s surface temperatures have been rising since 2016, setting marine heat records last summer.

The NOAA Climate Prediction Center forecasts up to 13 hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean this year. It has been predicted that at least four are expected to be major. Matthew Rosencrans is NOAA’s lead meteorologist for the seasonal hurricane outlook.

He highlighted that years with similar forecasts in the past two decades included 2005, 2017, and 2020. These years witnessed significant hurricanes like Katrina in 2005. This caused over $300 billion in damages in 2017. Along with that 11 out of 30 named storms hit the U.S. coastline in 2020.

People should be preparing as if a hurricane could impact them this year,” Mr. Rosencrans advised. “Preparation reduces stress and could save lives.

Broader Climate Effects

El Niño and La Niña are opposing climate patterns that influence rainfall distribution in the tropics. Michelle L’Heureux, a climate scientist at the NOAA Climate Prediction Center explained all this.

This shift affects the jet stream and atmospheric circulation over North America. It will surely impact the weather worldwide. La Niña tends to push the jet stream northward, leading to colder, wetter conditions in the northern U.S. It will also cause drier, warmer conditions in the southern regions.

Historically, El Niño increases global mean air temperatures, while La Niña decreases them. However, the influence of climate change means global temperatures continue to rise regardless of these patterns. As the NOAA announces the end of El Nino, it’s a big relief. However, at the same time, La Nina will expectedly begin soon as well.

Also Read: World Bank To Release Bond To Support Amazon Reforestation Efforts

Author

  • Sarah Tancredi

    Sarah Tancredi is an experienced journalist and news reporter specializing in environmental and climate crisis issues. With a deep passion for the planet and a commitment to raising awareness about pressing environmental challenges, Sarah has dedicated her career to informing the public and promoting sustainable solutions. She strives to inspire individuals, communities, and policymakers to take action to safeguard our planet for future generations.

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