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Biotechnology in the twenty-first century is the buzzword. But at the same time, biotechnology and its research areas have developed through the possibility of making changes in the environment. Although biotechnology has many benefits for mankind and nature, it has consequences too. Some of the negative impacts of biotechnology on the environment are as follows:
Biotechnology has helped the environment by saving biodiversity and balancing the ecosystem, but at the same time, biotechnology’s inventions have resulted in some undesirable species that cause environmental contamination. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have both benefits and drawbacks, and as a result, some species are threatened with extinction.
Biotechnology has helped more nutrition to enter our food chains, but it can cause a negative impact on soil. When the crop overloads the soil, the soil fertility may be lost even after crop rotation.
Genetic engineering has produced new DNAs to create new species, but that also opens the door for ethical issues for human existence. Excessive changes in the human DNA through genetic engineering can cause a risk for human life in the upcoming generation.
Biotechnology has produced many benefits for the environment and humanity, but it can also be used for destructive purposes. One can use biotechnology techniques to destroy society and biodiversity. Bioweapons can be produced by these methods and cause risk to human life and create havoc worldwide.
While genetically modified crops have helped agriculture, other plants can unintentionally take their characteristics, resulting in flora loss. This may result in the emergence of numerous genetic plant diseases. Many farmers who don’t use GM crops may go out of business and cause unemployment. Misuse of biotechnologies procedures may result in new genetic and crop diseases.
One of the most significant impacts of biotechnology is the unintentional loss of biodiversity and the ecosystem. Biotechnology techniques help to save the environment and biodiversity, but unintentionally it causes more loss than it benefits. GM crops may cause an imbalance in the ecosystem and may cause a decrease in biodiversity.
Many techniques and fields can be merged in biotechnology that is unknown, but if they come in view of humans, it may be destructive and cause risk for life.
The Supreme court has ruled that genetically modified DNA should be eligible for the patent.
Genetic engineering has opened the doors for many ethical and moral issues for humans.
-Protect humans in clinical trials
-Stem cell research
Genetic engineering can be used to cure many genetic diseases or be used with gene therapy, but the cost of the procedure may be prohibitive for some patients. And for copyright, genetic engineering can have costly consequences.
Biotechnology has both positive and negative impacts on the environment and human life. We should not rely entirely on biotechnological procedures. Biotechnology techniques have done so much to improve nature and humanity, but at the same time, biotechnology has come with so many challenges for the society that must be overcome in order to save the environment.