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The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body for evaluating the science related to climate change. In 1988, the IPCC was formed by the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). IPCC’s main goal is to provide the world’s political leaders at regular intervals with scientific evaluations on the growing issues related to climate change. The IPCC’s sixth assessment report publishes information on climate change and global warming, its risks, and implications, as well as puts forward possible solutions and mitigation strategies. The United Nations General Assembly approved the action of the UNEP and the WMO in establishing the IPCC in 1988. The IPCC has 195 member states.
Currently, the IPCC has three working groups:
The IPCC also has a task force that deals with developing methodologies for tracking emissions and reductions, known as National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.
The IPCC publishes scientific reports every six to 7 years. The last report, Fifth Assessment Report, was completed in 2014- it provided the Paris Agreement with scientific data and input. The IPCC decided to publish a Sixth Assessment Report at its 41st session in 2015.
Working Group I published the Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis in August 2021 for the Sixth Assessment Report. Working Group II published Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability in February 2022. Working Group III published the Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change in April 2022.
IPCC Sixth Assessment Report: Mitigation of Climate Change by Working Group III provided an up-to-date evaluation of climate change mitigation pledges and progress. It also looked into the sources of emissions worldwide. The report briefly investigates the recent developments in greenhouse gas emissions, its reductions, and mitigation efforts.
Working Group III introduces various new elements in its recent report. For example, a new chapter on the social aspects of mitigation. This chapter examines the demands of the public- what motivates consumption activities and carbon emissions. Other chapters in the report examine the supply side- what produces carbon emissions.
A new chapter includes mitigation options that can be carried out across all sectors- one of the options includes carbon dioxide reduction/removal techniques. Several other chapters describe innovative and technological developments that will help mitigate climate change impacts and achieve sustainable goals.
The IPCC Sixth Assessment Report is an important report as it deals with mitigation efforts that urgently need to be implemented.