Introduction to Environmental Management

by | Mar 23, 2023 | Environment

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What is Environmental Management?

Environmental management is an interdisciplinary field that engages with business, science, and law. Understanding how business plans must adapt to environmental limits, the concepts of sustainable development, and the expansion and public acceptance of green services and goods are all part of this discipline. Environmental managers deal with a variety of challenges, such as preventing pollution, managing waste, managing resources such as water and land, combating global warming, preserving biodiversity, and managing land degradation and water resources.

Environmental management is a fundamentally new and evolving idea. The management of the environment surrounding a firm is the focus of environmental management. It depicts the organizational structure, task assignments, procedures, and prerequisites for putting an environmental company policy into action. All inanimate creatures and forces at work in nature, including man, are brought together by the environment. Setting goals, managing information, assisting in decision-making, organizing and planning environmental management programs, communicating with stakeholders, implementing and controlling environmental management policies, and conducting internal and external audits are just a few of the fundamental duties of good environmental management.

Given the current economic and environmental conditions, it is vital to increase management’s understanding of the natural environment. Environmental contamination will be an ecological nightmare in the upcoming year due to the emphasis on industrialization for economic growth. So, it has become crucial to consider the environmental effects when establishing an industrial unit. In order to minimize the extent of environmental degradation and correct the excesses of ecological brutality, technology that can lessen environmental pollution must be deployed. In order to achieve sound “Environmental Management,” accurate accounting and reporting of environmental data are essential.

What Goals Does Environmental Management Seek To Achieve?

1. To stop and fix the environmental issue.

2. To create monitoring systems and research institutions

3. To recognize opportunities and warn of hazards

4. To offer suggestions for resource preservation

5. To devise a plan for enhancing the quality of life

6. To offer guidance for both long-term and short-term strategies for sustainable development

7. To find new technologies for sustainability

In a nutshell, environmental management is essential for environmental planning, which entails the best possible use of the planet’s resources and maintenance of the environment’s quality for the well-being of people.

What Are The Approaches For Environmental Management?

Ecosystem Approach

Ecologists frequently use an ecosystem approach to comprehend and keep track of a certain condition. The concept of an ecosystem enables environmental managers to view various aspects of complex nature as a single, interconnected system. It can be used in urban areas or in agriculture (urban ecosystems and agroecosystems, respectively).

The ecosystem method enables a comprehensive understanding of how various elements interact, or, in other words, it may incorporate human factors into biosphere operation. It is a multidisciplinary strategy that helps define the temporal and spatial scale of management and addresses the complexity of ecosystem function and use.

Polity Ecology Approach

Political ecology is the study of interactions between humans and the natural world. It contends that in order to stop environmental degradation and achieve sustainable development, drastic changes in human behavior are necessary. Planners, policymakers, ministers, heads of various government agencies, etc., are likely to have varied perceptions of the needs and issues related to the environment. Using a political, ecological approach to environmental management will enable all of this to be accomplished efficiently.

Human Ecology Approach

Human ecology is the multidisciplinary study of how humans or society interact with the natural world. This approach places a strong emphasis on social relationships with the environment, which are a crucial component of any management for planning and development, similar to that of the ecosystem approach. The approach’s scope can range from local to worldwide, and it supports all-encompassing research.

The idea of “Social Impact Assessment” (SIA) aims to determine whether a proposed development would affect people’s quality of life and sense of well-being as well as how they will adapt to the changes brought on by development. As a result of the interdependence between the socioeconomic and biophysical facets of the environment, a human ecology approach, as well as a political ecology approach, should be used for environmental management.

Commercial Approach

Environmental management for business and the role of business houses in environmental protection are topics that are being stressed more and more in today’s society. The commercial method includes corporate priorities, personnel training, client counsel, technology transfer, prior assessment, facilities and operations, research, compliance, and reporting.

What Is The Importance of Environmental Management?

1. Environmental management attracts attention in a different way by providing insight into industrial development, a country’s economic advancement, social welfare, and the fulfillment of one’s social responsibility.

2. Increased environmental transparency and organizational responsibility are two benefits of environmental management. Environmental management makes it feasible to incorporate ecological capability into business operations, which is a prerequisite for sustainable development.

3. Environmental management encourages green reporting to effectively counteract all unfavorable public perceptions in the global economy where there is a strong environmental fight against environmentally unfriendly industries.

4. Environmental management benefits both the natural and human ecosystems by enhancing performance through improved control of environmental costs.

5. Wrongheaded production and consumption practices, misuse, and insufficient utilization of resources and assets like water are all reflected in environmental management.

6. In order to measure a country’s economic development, social welfare, industrial development, pollution control, and government demands, environmental management is crucial. Nevertheless, the system is still in its infancy, and not all nations have been able to build one. Yet as time goes on, the system will progressively advance, research will be done, and it will meet the needs for which it was first designed.

7. With impressive decision-making and the use of environmental management, many environmental issues are reduced or eliminated.

What Is An Environmental Management System?

The Environmental Management System (EMS) is a method for determining how our working actions have an influence on the environment. An EMS motivates every employee to constantly search for methods to decrease those impacts and safeguard the environment. It also helps set priorities for action.

An EMS is described as a self-correcting and ongoing improvement system that works to lessen the environmental effects of a facility’s operations while assisting with regulatory compliance. It offers a methodical approach to integrating environmental concerns into daily operations while encouraging ongoing advancements in both the environment and human health.

Introduction to Environmental Management

The following are basic EMS components:

1. Assessing the organization’s environmental impacts and compliance duties (or legal and other requirements).

2. Establishing environmental goals and targets to minimize environmental impacts and adhere to compliance requirements.

3. Establishing initiatives to achieve these goals and aims.

4. Monitoring and evaluating the results of efforts to reach the goals.

5. Ensuring staff environmental competency, reviewing the EMS’s performance, and making adjustments.

To Conclude

Environmental management is not just about managing the environment; it also involves managing a variety of activities under unavoidable environmental restrictions and taking into account all ecological considerations. As a result, it involves environmental planning, resource conservation, assessment of the state of the environment, and administration of environmental laws.

Instead of theoretical planning, it places more emphasis on practice and problem-solving in the actual world through implementation, monitoring, and auditing. Planning for the environment should be closely integrated. Understanding how people and the environment interact, as well as using science and common sense to solve problems, are the focus of Environmental Management.



  • Dr. Tanushree Kain

    Tanushree is a passionate Environmentalist with a Doctorate in Environmental Sciences. She is also a Gold medalist in Master of Science (M.Sc), Environmental Sciences. She has 6 years of experience as a guest faculty in Environmental Sciences. With her combination of technical knowledge and research expertise, she can create clear, accurate, and engaging content that helps users get the maximum information regarding environmental topics.

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