Best ESG Mutual Funds To Invest In 2024

by | Dec 3, 2023 | ESG, Sustainability

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Investing in the welfare of society, believe it or not, may also be highly profitable. Sustainable index funds, a subset of socially responsible investment, have grown in popularity due to their excellent performance throughout market downturns. Companies with better ESG ratings were more resilient between 2018 and 2020 than those without a similar dedication. When comparing the S&P 500 ESG Index to its traditional equivalent over the past one-year, three-year, five-year, and ten-year reporting periods, its ESG equities have consistently outperformed the conventional index. This article will explore the best ESG mutual funds to invest in 2023.

What are ESG Mutual Funds?

Investing in ESG mutual funds, environmentally friendly mutual funds, and other environmentally friendly funds is an effective method to support firms committed to making a good environmental, social, and governance impact. Companies that participate in these efforts often aspire towards some or all of the following goals:

  • Improve energy efficiency.
  • Reduce emissions.
  • Encourage social change in communities and the workplace.
  • Prevent human rights abuses in supplier chains.
  • Maintain ethical corporate practices.
  • Establish board autonomy and transparency in reporting.

In short, companies prioritizing ESG operate responsibly by helping to good environmental reforms while mitigating negative repercussions.

ESG mutual funds, sometimes compared to sustainable or ethical investment funds, can be mutual fund offerings or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). By investing in an ESG fund, you gain ownership, giving you access to its holdings and a stake in its performance. Furthermore, these investments offer more than simply financial rewards; they are great for people looking to support companies that practice good corporate citizenship.

How do ESG Mutual Funds Operate?

Investing in ESG funds enables investors to align their portfolios with the three fundamental objectives of environmental, social, and corporate governance. To do this form of investing, you must look for investments that support one or more basic ESG ideas.


ESG investment in the environment can be an excellent strategy to promote environmental responsibility. It could assist a given business or operating system in reducing the release of greenhouse gases (GHGs), improving energy efficiency, using natural resources more effectively through land preservation, improving waste management systems, or safely disposing of hazardous materials as an investment that helps preserve and safeguard the environment.


This component concerns the interaction between a company and its key stakeholders: staff, vendors, and customers. These investments aim to advance social measures such as creating and enforcing equitable and fair labor laws, interacting with and promoting local communities impacted by company activities, and providing firm guarantees that employees have legally protected workplace conditions such as medical care, educational opportunities, environmental hygiene, and career development opportunities.


Governance factors include improving leadership standards, shareholder rights, and risk management. To encourage equitable business operations, secure voting privileges for stakeholders, encourage hiring diversity and ensure honest pay scales throughout the entire corporate structure, ESG mutual funds financing may be utilized to encourage fair business activities, safeguard voting rights for customers, promote employ diversity, as well as ensure appropriate pay scales all through the entire corporate structure while enhancing accountancy and taxation transparency. As a result, if any of the three ESG principles is the primary motivator behind a specific investment opportunity, you are most likely investing in an ESG fund.

What Exactly are ESG ETFs?

ETFs are stock and bond portfolios whereby shares are bought to achieve specific goals. ETFs are alike mutual funds in which they both invest in groupings of stocks and bonds; nevertheless, ETFs differ from mutual funds in two significant ways:

  • Unlike stocks, ETFs are distinct in that they can be purchased or sold anytime during trading. Mutual fund trades, on the other hand, may occur only once every day, at the value of their net assets.
  • ETF pricing may vary depending on market conditions throughout the trading period, whereas mutual funds are locked in at a single static per-day rate.

As a result, ETFs give investors some flexibility. Yes, some are ‘passive,’ which means they are linked to the execution of a particular index, such as the S&P 500. However, ‘active’ ETFs can be managed dynamically in reaction to market changes, potentially outperforming and underperforming pegged indices.

Finally, each ETF purchase comes with an associated cost, an expense ratio expressed as a yearly percentage. In theory, the lower this figure, the more funds are available for reinvestment or dividends. You should also be able to choose whether monies are automatically reinvested or handed out directly. Alternatively, fund managers can provide guidance on how to construct investment portfolios.

What are the Best ESG Mutual Funds to Invest in 2023?

Here’s a list of ESG funds to think about:

1. iShares ESG Aware MSCI USA ETF

This ETF tracks the MSCI USA Enhanced ESG Focus Index, which avoids companies that manufacture civilian firearms, contentious weaponry, cigarettes, thermal coal, and oil sands – thereby boosting its sustainability values. With top holdings such as Apple, Microsoft, and Amazon, this ETF is a perfect anchor position for anyone who wants to invest in sustainability without significantly increasing their risk level. As long as the fund accomplishes its objectives, its returns should be comparable to those of an S&P 500 Index Fund.


The SPDR ETF is a new fund, but it tracks the S&P 500 ESG Index, which has regularly outperformed the S&P 500, its ‘conventional’ equivalent, for the past ten years. Companies in the S&P 500 can be eliminated from the ESG index if they use cluster weapons, explosives, chemical weapons, nuclear weapons, manufacture of tobacco, or thermal coal extraction, as can any business that ranks in the bottom 5% of UN Global Compact (UNGC) scores, which depend on a company’s compliance with ten UNGC principles covering safeguarding human rights, employee welfare policies, and environmental standards, all of which must be met.

While Apple, Microsoft, and Amazon are the top three positions in the fund above and the iShares ESG Aware MSCI USA ETF, they are slightly heavier in this fund.

3. Fidelity United States Sustainability Index Fund

Fidelity’s index fund tracks the MSCI USA ESG Leaders Index, which comprises companies with high ESG ratings. It also excludes any corporation manufacturing alcoholic beverages or gambling, nuclear power plants, and guns. Consumer discretionary equities account for 10.7% of total value, followed by healthcare (11.2%), communication services (13%), and financials (13%). Sector exposure is comparable to the funds mentioned above.

4. Nuveen ESG Mid-Cap Growth ETF

This fund invests in mid-sized, US-based businesses with considerable growth in earnings and sales per share. While Apple and Amazon are omitted, several well-known names exist, such as Burlington Stores, Pinterest, Etsy, and GoDaddy. The emphasis on smaller but fast-growing enterprises provides investors with exciting options. This fund is aligned with the TIAA ESG USA Mid-Cap Growth Index, which comprises only companies with good ESG credentials, low carbon footprints, and are not involved in prohibited activities.

5. Calvert International Responsible Index Fund

This fund offers a diverse portfolio with over 800 equities from various nations. Japan has the highest concentration (18.5%), followed by the United Kingdom, France, and Switzerland, each with 12%, 8.3%, and 8.3%. The Calvert Principles are a unique ESG methodology that restricts exposure to companies that engage in gambling, civilian weapons production, alcohol and tobacco manufacturing, and animal research. Due to this structure, the fund invests in companies such as Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing, Nestlé, and Roche.

6. Pax Ellevate Global Women’s Leadership Fund

This fund invests in firms that actively promote women’s advancement in the workplace by fostering gender diversity at all stages of management and staff, striving for gender equality in compensation, and employing and training more female employees for higher retention. This fund’s top holdings include Microsoft Corporation, Amazon Inc., and Estee Lauder Companies Inc., and it has a portfolio of over 400 large-cap equities, with the bulk (68%) of them situated in the United States.

7. iShares ESG Aware MSCI EM ETF

Invest in this iShares ETF for ESG-screened exposure to emerging markets! To provide returns that are within 100 basis points of unscreened indexes while favouring companies with higher environmental, social, and governance scores, you can enjoy a portfolio that includes over 350 large-cap and mid-cap stocks from China, Taiwan, and South Korea, India, South Africa, Brazil, and Russia. The fund’s holdings in financial companies account for around 23% of its total value. Technology equities come in second at 21%, with consumer discretionary, communications, and materials rounding out the top five.

8. iShares ESG Aware 1-5 Year USD Corporate Bond ETF

This fund invests in investment-grade corporate bonds with maturities ranging from one to five years, and it tracks the Bloomberg MSCI US Corporate 1-5 Year ESG Index, which contains issuers with the highest MSCI ESG scores in respective market sectors. Companies actively involved in civilian firearms or controversial weapons development, tobacco products or thermal coal mining and processing, and oil sands exploitation are excluded, as is usual with other iShares funds.

ESG Mutual Funds

To Conclude

While ESG-focused companies have achieved extraordinary long-term increases in return, they have also proven more resilient during market downturns than other equities in the S&P 500 index. Index exclusion funds that follow the S&P 500 have been shown to provide reasonable returns that closely match their benchmark. As more people become concerned about climate change, social justice issues, and governance practices, this sector will expand as these concerns become ‘normalized’ in the global commercial environment. Consider ESG ETFs a powerful tool for aligning investment objectives with the shift to sustainability, socially equitable progress, and better corporate governance.


Q1. What does the year 2023 have in store for ESG and sustainable investing?

Beyond environmental considerations, social aspects play an essential role in ESG investing. There is a greater emphasis on social equality and inclusion in 2023. Investors are scrutinizing firms’ policies on diversity and inclusion, gender pay fairness, and attempts to promote a fair and inclusive workplace.

Q2. What is the most significant ESG fund?

Parnassus Core Equity Fund, with $22.9 billion in assets, is the largest individual ESG fund. Geographically, 60 of the top 100 funds are in the European Union, while 32 are in the United States. The United Kingdom has three non-EU funds in Europe, whereas Norway and Switzerland have one.

Q3. Is ESG investment good or bad?

Several academic studies have studied the relationship between ESG ratings and stock performance. They do not provide solid evidence that investments that follow ESG criteria outperform those that do not. Some research shows that good ESG performers earn higher stock returns, while others show the inverse.

Also Read: ESG In Banking: Meaning & Importance



  • Dr. Elizabeth Green

    With over two decades of experience in sustainability, Dr. Elizabeth Green has established herself as a leading voice in the field. Hailing from the USA, her career spans a remarkable journey of environmental advocacy, policy development, and educational initiatives focused on sustainable practices. Dr. Green is actively involved in several global sustainability initiatives and continues to inspire through her writing, speaking engagements, and mentorship programs.

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