The Importance Of Minerals In Your Drinking Water

by | Apr 26, 2023 | Environment, Natural Resource Management

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What are Minerals?

Minerals are inorganic chemicals that exist naturally and are necessary for living beings’ overall health and well-being. These compounds are present in various environments, including rocks, soils, and, most crucially, water. Minerals in drinking water are typically considered beneficial because they provide several health benefits when taken at proper levels. Minerals are required for the essential functions of the human body to work. They aid in the regulation of fluids, the normalization of nerve and muscle functioning, the maintenance of metabolism, the formation of connective tissues, and many other tasks.

Which minerals are found in Drinking water?

According to the WHO, the nutrients that are occasionally discovered in drinking water at potentially basic levels are:

The Importance of Minerals in Your Drinking Water

1. Calcium

Calcium is an essential mineral found in drinking water. Although it makes water hard and unfit for washing and cleaning, it benefits the human body. Calcium in water aids in the structural development of the bones and teeth. It is also essential in preventing hypertension, stroke, and kidney stones. Calcium levels in the body that are optimal aid in blood clotting and muscular contraction. One litre of drinking water contains about 30 milligrams of calcium. A healthy adult’s daily calcium need ranges between 2000 and 2500 mg.

2. Magnesium

Magnesium, one of the necessary minerals in drinking water, aids in muscle support. It aids in appropriate neuron activity and energy production. Because taking magnesium supplements causes nausea, abdominal cramps, and diarrhoea, the best way to get magnesium is through food and drink. People with low magnesium levels do not exhibit any symptoms. Chronically low magnesium levels, on the other hand, raise the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and osteoporosis. One litre of drinking water contains about ten milligrams of magnesium. The average healthy male requires 400 mg of magnesium daily, while females need 300 mg.

3. Fluoride

Fluoride is a micronutrient that the body need. It is found naturally in fresh water and is essential for bone preservation and solidification. It is vital to avoiding tooth decay. However, too much fluoride can cause tooth mottling and dental fluorosis, leading to tooth decay. Thus, consuming fluoride correctly is the key to optimal oral health. Fluoride intake must be less than 2.5 mg per day. One milligram of fluoride is present in one litre of drinking water.

4. Sodium

Sodium is the most abundant mineral in water. Nerve impulses require sodium to be carried out. It is essential for muscular contraction and relaxation and for maintaining the acid-base balance required for extracellular osmolarity. It is also necessary for preserving the right balance of water and minerals, which aids in fluid control. One litre of drinking water contains about 50 milligrams of salt. An average healthy adult’s daily salt needs are 2300 mg.

5. Copper

Copper is a trace element needed for healthy health and is typically found in low quantities in natural water sources. The average adult requires about two to three milligrams of copper each day. This metal is necessary for newborn development, host defence mechanisms, bone strength, and other health benefits. Copper deficiency is characterized by anaemia, neutropenia, and bone abnormalities.

6. Iron

Iron is necessary for optimum health because it delivers oxygen into your blood. When the iron level in water exceeds 0.3 mg/l, we see red, brown, or yellow discolouration on clothes, glassware, dishes, and domestic fixtures like bathtubs and sinks. This mineral deficiency is the single most frequent nutritional condition worldwide, and it is the leading cause of anaemia in infancy, childhood, and pregnancy.

7. Zinc

Zinc is necessary for appropriate development, growth, DNA synthesis, immunity, and sensory processes. Some Zinc deficiency symptoms include development retardation, decreased resistance to infections, anorexia, reduced taste, and delayed wound healing.

8. Phosphorus

Phosphorus is a vital micronutrient found in water. It is very crucial for bone and tooth health. Phosphorus controls the way the body uses and stores carbs and lipids. It is required to produce proteins to grow, repair, and maintain body cells and tissues. Phosphorus is also essential in filtering waste from the kidneys. The daily phosphorus consumption should be between 1200 mg and 1500 mg for women and men.

9. Iodide

Iodide occurs naturally in drinking water. During the water purification process, it oxidizes to iodine. Iodine is necessary for thyroid health. It is essential for critical endocrine roles in metabolic regulation, enabling efficient metabolism. Every day, the body requires up to 1100 mcg of iodine. Iodine levels in one litre of drinking water are 9 mcg. However, in areas where goitre is expected, the iodine concentration of water is less than 2.4 mcg per litre.

What is the importance of minerals in your drinking water?

Minerals aid in our growth, health, and development. Our bodies use minerals for activities such as bone building, immunity development, and increasing metabolism, which helps you stay active throughout the day. Minerals act as cofactors for numerous enzymes, which aid in developing a robust metabolism. It also aids in maintaining good nerve activity, which regulates muscle tone and promotes a healthy cardiovascular system.

Nothing in the world is as soft and supple as water, but nothing can withstand it. Water contains many minerals, which is why it is essential to being alive. Minerals are necessary for a healthy, sound body. Many minerals, such as magnesium, calcium, and potassium, can already be found in tap water—minerals aid in maintaining strong teeth and bones and healthy skin and hair. Minerals are essential for a healthy body’s growth and development. When clean water comes into contact with the earth’s surface, it absorbs the water and mixes it with minerals such as calcium, aluminum, and salt, all of which are vital and provides hundreds of benefits. However, these minerals, which are extremely useful to our bodies, become tainted with other hazardous compounds in the soil. Due to high pollution, this water has deteriorated into an unfit form unsuitable for direct ingestion.

What are the benefits of drinking water?

The advantages of drinking water are numerous. The benefits of drinking water are numerous, ranging from relieving thirst to performing various bodily activities. These are some examples:

1. Aids in regulating body temperature: Water is essential for maintaining body temperature. During the hot summer, water is stored in the skin’s middle layers and expelled as sweat. This aids in the cooling of the body’s temperature. In the winter, on the other hand, bodily water acts as a thermoregulator. It keeps the body warm by dissipating heat.

2. Assists with weight loss: Water before meals is a practical approach to losing weight. Drinking water provides an instant sense of fullness, which aids in weight loss.

3. Lubricates and cushions the joints of the body: Water is essential for keeping the joints hydrated. It is the primary component of synovial fluid, which is responsible for joint lubrication.

4. Remove Bacteria and Infections: Water aids in diluting the urine. The bacteria and diseases in the urinary system are washed out as the frequency of pee increases with increasing water intake.

5. Aids in Food Digestion: Water in the saliva helps to moisten the meal and makes it easier to chew and swallow. To break down the food, the water combines with digestive fluids (also comprised of water). This promotes the rapid absorption of nutrients.

6. Keeps the Excretory System Healthy: Adequate water consumption aids the body’s waste elimination processes via sweat, urine, and faeces. This reduces the strain on the body’s organs.

7. Keeps Blood Pressure in Check: Adequate water consumption increases blood volume. As a result, the heart must use less force to pump blood. This reduces blood pressure and heart rate.

8. Lowers the risk of blood clots: Drinking plenty of water is a natural blood thinner. This minimizes the possibility of blot clots.

9. Promotes Healthy Skin: Your skin suffers from dehydration and excessive oil production. Adequate water consumption keeps the skin supple and elastic, delaying the symptoms of ageing.


Drinking plenty of water every day is essential for nutritional health. Water is the main constituent of body fluids and a rich supply of essential minerals and trace elements. It aids in a variety of body activities. Minerals in water can be easily absorbed and then used effectively. The body requires 21 minerals and trace elements to function correctly. Aside from diet, water is an excellent provider of essential nutrients. Although necessary minerals are in small amounts in drinking water, their beneficial impact on the human body is significant. Because water has a higher bioavailability than food, the body can absorb these elements more effectively.

Also Read: Water Neutrality: How Can It Be Achieved?


  • Dr. Tanushree Kain

    Tanushree is a passionate Environmentalist with a Doctorate in Environmental Sciences. She is also a Gold medalist in Master of Science (M.Sc), Environmental Sciences. She has 6 years of experience as a guest faculty in Environmental Sciences. With her combination of technical knowledge and research expertise, she can create clear, accurate, and engaging content that helps users get the maximum information regarding environmental topics.

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