The Impacts Of Sustainability On Mental Health

by | Feb 24, 2024 | Sustainability, Sustainable Development

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The conversation around sustainability is often framed within the context of environmental protection and economic development. Yet, its impact on another crucial aspect of our lives – mental health – is equally profound and deserving of attention. As the world grapples with climate change, pollution, and resource depletion, the psychological effects on individuals and communities are becoming increasingly evident. In this blog, I’ll try to throw some light on the intricate relationship between sustainability and mental health, exploring how sustainable practices not only benefit the planet but also enhance our psychological well-being.

The Interconnection Between Sustainability and Mental Health

Recent studies reveal that engagement with sustainable behaviours and lifestyles can lead to a sense of purpose, fulfilment, and connectedness to the natural world, all of which are key components of mental health. Conversely, the stress and anxiety associated with environmental degradation—often referred to as eco-anxiety—highlight the mental health risks of unsustainable practices. By examining the impacts of sustainability on mental health, we uncover a compelling case for adopting greener lifestyles not just for the health of our planet but for our own psychological resilience as well.

We as individuals need to understand this situation is not merely academic; it’s a reflection of a growing recognition that our well-being is inextricably linked to the health of the environment. As we navigate through the complexities of sustainability, understanding its psychological dimensions opens new pathways to fostering a healthier, more sustainable future for all.

The link between taking care of our planet and taking care of our minds is closer than you might think. When we work towards a more sustainable world, it doesn’t just help the environment; it can also make us feel better mentally. Here’s a simpler look at how being eco-friendly can impact our mental health for the better and, sometimes, a bit stressful too.

Good for the Mind:

  • Nature Makes Us Happy: Just being around green spaces can lift our spirits. Studies show that people feel more relaxed and less stressed when they spend time in nature. By protecting the environment, we ensure more green, happy spaces.
  • Doing Good Feels Good: When we take part in sustainability efforts, like recycling or saving water, it gives us a sense of achievement. Knowing we’re doing our part for the planet makes us feel good about ourselves.
  • Stronger Together: Working on environmental projects can bring people together, creating strong communities. Being part of a group with a common goal can make us feel supported and less isolated.

But, It Can Be Stressful Too:

  • Worrying About the Planet: Hearing about climate change and seeing natural disasters can make us anxious. This ‘eco-anxiety’ is real and can be pretty stressful.
  • Not Fair for Everyone: Sometimes, the negative effects of environmental issues hit some communities harder than others. This unfairness, known as environmental injustice, can be stressful and harmful to those affected.

What We Can Do: Understanding these impacts helps us find ways to reduce stress while still caring for the planet. We can focus on small, positive actions we can take and connect with others who share our concerns. By finding a balance, we can work towards a future that’s not only sustainable but also supports our mental health. Let’s discuss sustainability’s positive and negative impacts on our mental health in more detail.

Positive Impacts of Sustainability on Mental Health

The positive impacts of sustainability on mental health are evident, with practices such as nature connection, community engagement, and purpose-driven living enhancing overall well-being and resilience in individuals and communities alike.

1. Connection with Nature

There are many advantages to mental health when spending time in nature. It reduces stress by lowering cortisol levels and boosts mood through increased serotonin and dopamine. Additionally, nature enhances cognitive function, particularly attention restoration, improving focus and mental clarity. Moreover, awe-inspiring natural experiences foster interconnectedness and promote a sense of meaning and purpose, contributing to overall psychological well-being.

Data and Statistics:

  • A 2019 meta-analysis of 140 studies found that spending time in nature reduces stress, anxiety, and depression by an average of 16%. (Science Advances)
  • A 2022 National Recreation and Park Association study found that 82% of adults believe spending time in nature is “essential” or “very important” for their well-being.

2. Sense of Purpose and Empowerment

Engaging in sustainable behaviours gives individuals a sense of efficacy and control, positively impacting well-being and resilience. Collaborating on sustainable initiatives fosters social bonds and belonging, offering increased social support and known protective factors for mental health. Contributing to sustainability, whether through advocacy or lifestyle changes, instils purpose and fulfilment, acknowledging the impact on future generations and motivating continued engagement.

Data and Statistics:

  • A 2020 Journal of Environmental Psychology study found that engaging in pro-environmental behaviours increased feelings of self-efficacy and meaning in life.
  • A 2023 Yale Program on Climate Change Communication survey found that 73% of Americans believe individual actions can make a significant difference in addressing climate change.

3. Reduced Stress and Eco-Anxiety

Adopting sustainable lifestyle choices offers a sense of empowerment and peace by reducing environmental impact. These choices also improve physical and mental health through activities like active transportation and a plant-based diet, enhancing overall well-being and resilience to stress. Additionally, mindfulness practices, such as conscious consumption, foster a sense of abundance and satisfaction, reducing desires for material possessions and promoting contentment and fulfilment.

Data and Statistics:

  • A 2021 study in Nature Human Behaviour found that living in greener neighbourhoods was associated with lower cortisol (stress hormone) levels.
  • A 2022 report by the American Psychological Association found that individuals who adopt sustainable practices tend to report lower levels of stress and anxiety than those who don’t.

The positive impacts of sustainability on mental health extend beyond individual well-being to encompass social connectedness, environmental stewardship, and a sense of purpose and empowerment.

Also ReadPollution And Environmental Health Problems

Negative Impacts of Sustainability on Mental Health

While sustainability initiatives aim to improve environmental conditions, they can inadvertently contribute to mental health challenges such as eco-anxiety, feelings of guilt, and inequalities, highlighting the need for a balanced perspective. It’s important to recognize and address the potential negative impacts of sustainability on mental health.

1. Climate Anxiety

Environmental issues like climate change can evoke fear and helplessness among younger generations. Constant exposure to distressing news about environmental degradation can worsen eco-anxiety, amplified by social media and 24/7 news cycles. The enormity of global challenges may leave individuals feeling powerless and insignificant, especially if they perceive their actions as inconsequential. This overwhelming sense of helplessness can contribute to fear and stress, impacting mental well-being.

Data and Statistics:

  • A 2021 American Psychological Association (APA) report found that 84% of young adults in the US experience some level of climate anxiety, with 45% reporting severe anxiety.
  • A 2023 Yale Program on Climate Change Communication survey revealed that 63% of Americans feel anxious about climate change, with 21% experiencing frequent worry or stress.

2. Environmental Injustice

Unequal access to sustainable resources due to socio-economic disparities perpetuates environmental inequalities, particularly affecting low-income communities. Marginalized groups, especially communities of colour, bear a disproportionate burden of environmental degradation, leading to increased stress and health issues. Climate change-induced events, such as hurricanes and wildfires, exacerbate displacement and trauma, contributing to mental health challenges like PTSD and anxiety. These interlinked environmental and social injustices underscore the urgent need for equitable solutions addressing ecological and mental health concerns.

Data and Statistics:

  • The US EPA reports that communities of colour are significantly exposed to ecological hazards like air pollution, leading to higher rates of health problems, including mental health issues.
  • The United Nations Environment Programme estimates that by 2050, climate change could displace up to 200 million people, with significant implications for mental health.

3. Burden of Responsibility

The pressure to live sustainably and mitigate environmental impact can induce feelings of guilt and inadequacy, heightening stress levels and impacting mental well-being. Social media influencers in sustainability can breed unrealistic expectations, fostering comparison and competition and contributing to stress and anxiety. Engaging in environmental activism can lead to burnout and fatigue without sufficient self-care and support, further affecting mental health. These challenges underscore the importance of addressing individual well-being within sustainability efforts to prevent burnout and promote overall mental health.

Data and Statistics:

  • A 2022 study found that 23% of participants showed minimal or high levels of perceived stress due to climate change.
  • Around 70% of people aged 16-25 are apprehensive about the environment, according to a study covering ten countries and published in The Lancet.

The negative impacts of sustainability on mental health underscore the importance of addressing anxieties, promoting equity, and providing support to ensure that environmental efforts contribute positively to overall well-being.

The Importance of Acknowledging both the Positive and Negative Impacts of Sustainability on Mental Health

Understanding the dual effects of sustainability on mental health, encompassing both positive and negative impacts, is essential for fostering informed decision-making and holistic well-being in individuals and communities.

The Importance of Acknowledging both the Positive and Negative Impacts of Sustainability on Mental Health

By recognizing both the positive and negative impacts of sustainability on mental health, we can cultivate a more nuanced understanding, implement effective interventions, and foster well-being while advancing environmental sustainability.


The impact of sustainability on mental health is undeniable, shaping individuals’ well-being and the collective psyche of society. We can foster positive mental health outcomes by embracing sustainable practices that enhance connection to nature, community engagement, and a sense of purpose. However, addressing challenges such as climate anxiety and environmental injustices is essential to ensure inclusivity and equity in sustainability efforts. By acknowledging and navigating the benefits and stressors, we can create a more resilient and mentally healthy world where individuals thrive harmoniously with the environment.

Also ReadHealth Impacts Of Climate Change



  • Dr. Elizabeth Green

    With over two decades of experience in sustainability, Dr. Elizabeth Green has established herself as a leading voice in the field. Hailing from the USA, her career spans a remarkable journey of environmental advocacy, policy development, and educational initiatives focused on sustainable practices. Dr. Green is actively involved in several global sustainability initiatives and continues to inspire through her writing, speaking engagements, and mentorship programs.

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