Home » Environment » Insights Into Biodiversity Recovery And Its Impact On The Environment
As far as the knowledge of the universe is concerned, Earth is the only planet that hosts life and has fostered the evolution of billions of species. While scientists struggle to find life on other planets, they must divert attention to Earth, where multiple species threaten extinction driven by human activity. Human activity on Earth has disrupted many species’ natural habitats and negatively impacted the ecosystem. However, scientists and environmental activists have understood this and are establishing projects on Biodiversity recovery, which the government supports. Biodiversity recovery is the solution to reversing the adverse impacts of human activity.
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What is Biodiversity Recovery?
So, one might wonder what Biodiversity Recovery is. Biodiversity recovery is implementing a strategy that promotes the growth of a species that is on the brink of extinction or struggling to thrive. Earth is currently facing a dual crisis involving climate change and species extinction, which is a grave concern. Biodiversity Recovery is the key to establishing harmony in nature and rewriting the wrongs done by Humans. Honestly, there is no planet B, and while scientists are looking for extraterrestrial life, the focus needs to be shifted to Earth. Recovery of biodiversity also contributes to climate change and curbs the effects.
What Are The Various Types of Biodiversity Recovery?
Various biodiversity recovery projects depend on the habitat of the species. Billions of species on Earth have diverse habitats, which changes the approach to working on their recovery and reviving them from the brink of extinction. Here are some of the various types of biodiversity recovery;
1. Forest Ecosystem Recovery
The Forest biodiversity recovery aims to foster the growth of the forest’s floral, fauna, and microbes. Species that contribute to forested areas are preserved by creating an ideal environment that can breed, grow, and maintain so that species can thrive while also working on ecological restoration of the forest.
2. Recovery of Wetlands
Apart from forested areas, the wetlands host a variety of species, including kingfishers, ducks, geese, and others. For instance, attempts are being made to foster the growth of wood stock in wetlands achieved by wetland restoration.
3. Fluvial Ecosystem Recovery
Reclamation projects, reducing schools of fish, water pollution, floods due to uncontrollable hydrological factors, and species living in the fluvial landscapes are affected by fishing. Fluvial ecosystem restoration projects foster biodiversity growth, which lives closer to fluvial landscapes like plants, freshwater fishes, microbes, birds, and more.
4. Marine Ecosystem Recovery
Marine biodiversity is vast, with billions of species spanning across the oceans. Besides life on land, marine biodiversity is also affected by climate change-induced events with the heating of ocean waters, cyclones, and more. Therefore, the recovery of Marine biodiversity focuses on recovering species like cyanobacteria, coral reefs, sea turtles, whales, and more.
While these are only the tip of the iceberg, multiple species on Earth thrive in various environments, including ice sheets, glaciers, beaches, marshy lands, and more. Humans must not be ignorant of this fact and take the initiatives to make this Earth a place to live for everyone.
How Does Recovering Biodiversity Contribute To The Environment?
Biodiversity is a significant part of Earth’s make-up, which has given Earth its face and shaped it for generations to come. Biodiversity is the interlinking of species and communication with Earth. Keeping biodiversity in its natural form does not impact the Environment; however, disrupting the flow will have severe consequences.
For instance, the dwindling cyanobacteria in the oceans have depleted the oxygen source and carbon dioxide intake, increasing its suspension in the atmosphere. Additionally, this greenhouse gas can create havoc by heating the planet and triggering storms and other climate change issues.
Understanding The First Step To Recovering Species
The first step towards recovering a species is restoring the habitat in which it lives. For instance, the destruction of wetlands for urbanization or the rapid cutting down of trees will remove animals, birds, and other species from their home, making it difficult for them to thrive. Hence, these are inter dependable factors that affect the livelihood of species triggering their extinction. According to reports received by National Geographic, over one million species are on the brink of extinction. This is not a specific scenario within a particular country but a global problem that one must deal with practical solutions.
Example of Biodiversity Recovery Project
One of Norway’s most planned biodiversity recovery projects to uplift the Earth from total extinction is the DoomsDay Vault. The vault hosts a collection of seeds from various species. This backup system revives life on Earth when something goes awry. Other examples include the Great Green Wall, Brazil’s Atlantic Forest, and country-specific biodiversity recovery projects like Ireland, where around 11% of the 2.5K species assessed are at the brink of extinction. Hence, biodiversity recovery projects are a sign of hope for the environmental damage that one can reverse.
Is There Any Hope For Recovery?
Yes, there is hope for recovery as many projects have successfully restored the ecology and thereby thriving biodiversity. This has minimized environmental carbon footprints, and ecology restoration has made carbon sequestration possible. Yes, there is hope for recovery. We as individuals need to contribute to this restoration and establish an environment that fosters harmony and makes the Earth a place for all species to survive and thrive while keeping the Environment in check.
It is possible to work on restoring biodiversity, and the sooner this is understood, the faster one can save the planet and push it to the path of recovery. The Earth is suffering due to the selfishness of Human activity and capitalism. The consequences have caught on to the Homo Sapiens. There is a dire need to break free of this severe consequence which disguises itself in average sea level rise, warming temperatures, retreating glaciers, retracting permafrost, and others that have a direct event. These are sensitive indicators of climate change and are Earth’s way of threatening Humans to keep their actions in check and work towards recovering the damaged Earth and the species it hosts.
Dr. Emily Greenfield is a highly accomplished environmentalist with over 30 years of experience in writing, reviewing, and publishing content on various environmental topics. Hailing from the United States, she has dedicated her career to raising awareness about environmental issues and promoting sustainable practices.