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Achieving a “Green Revolution 2.0” through an artificial ecosystem involves leveraging advancements in technology and integrating them into sustainable practices. The Green Revolution 2.0 must focus on cultivating plants that can tolerate severe temperature and rainfall changes while producing more with less water and nutrients. Along with the rapid pace,
Human ecosystems create artificial ecosystems that are incapable of being autonomous. Humans develop ecosystems with biotic and abiotic components for various goals. These ecosystems cannot thrive without them. Humans control the setup, species, and energy flow in these ecosystems. Aquariums, crop fields, terrariums, and other similar structures are examples. Artificial ecosystems, like natural ones, comprise two significant components: up of two major components: both abiotic and biotic elements.
The flora and wildlife that make up the ecosystem are considered biotic components. However, unlike natural ecological systems, humans are always biotic components of artificial ecosystems.
Abiotic components are non-living things such as soil, rocks, physical topography, sunlight, gases, and nutrients. Though these appear insignificant, they are responsible for transferring significance; they move energy, nutrients, and food throughout the ecosystem.
An artificial ecosystem has the following characteristics:
Artificial ecosystem functions:
The most typically seen in houses among aquaculturists or decorative aquariums are also examples of artificial ecosystems built by humans. They may represent saltwater, freshwater, or brackish water habitats produced inside various-sized glass tanks. They have filters and are home to everything from plants, fish, corals, and anemones to crabs and molluscs.
A greenhouse is typically defined as a glass structure for growing plants under controlled temperature and humidity conditions. The glass walls of the greenhouse, like those in the environment, enable heat inside but prevent it from exiting. This keeps the temperature steady and adds humidity, making greenhouses ideal for producing tropical plants and vegetables in moderate or colder areas.
Hydroponic cultivation or aquaculture is arguably the least well-known of the examples of artificial ecosystems described in this list. This method became more convenient because there needed to be more tillable ground to cultivate crops. Farmers use this approach to grow crops in water containing minerals and inert gases, eliminating the need for pesticides and fertilizers while lowering their carbon impact.
Managed forests are actual examples of artificial ecosystems in the realm of conservation. These are artificial forest areas designed to mimic the natural forest cover that could develop in that location. These trees and flora are cultivated and transplanted, assisting in the conservation of plant species on the verge of extinction owing to logging and deforestation.
Gardens are artificial environments since humans created them rather than occurring naturally. It has abiotic as well as biotic elements that humans regulate. They are an example of an artificial environment created by people on their balconies, terrace, or backyard. A garden can also be used to travel and display rare flora or plants. A home garden can include everything from ornamentals to medicinal and edible plants.
The natural ecosystem functions as a basic unit of the environment, carrying out significant biological, chemical, and physical operations. The artificial ecosystem misses this effectiveness but substantially impacts human life. While natural and artificial ecosystems vary in many ways, both are essential to a sustainable and healthy environment. As a result, cherishing and protecting these ecosystems becomes a responsibility.
It’s important to note that while an artificial ecosystem can enhance sustainability efforts, it cannot replace natural ecosystems entirely. It should be viewed as a complement to traditional conservation and sustainable practices, with the ultimate goal of harmonizing human activities with the natural world
Also Read: Artificial Photosynthesis