ESG Reporting: All You Need To Know

by | Jul 9, 2023 | ESG

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Regarding sustainability and ESG initiatives, organizations have progressed from adopting biodegradable straws to incorporating sustainability into their business practices, processes, product creation, operations, and strategy. Many businesses are rethinking their business models, reorganizing organizational structures, and investing significant time, money, and resources to integrate sustainability into fundamental processes. As a result of this investment, many people now regard environmental, social, and governance (ESG) reporting as a tool for attracting investors and finance rather than a regulatory burden. Companies, of course, want to do the right thing and be accountable and ethical.

What is ESG Reporting?

ESG reporting releases information about the environment, society, and corporate governance. Like other disclosures, its objective is to throw light on a company’s ESG actions while boosting market transparency and encouraging other organizations to accomplish the same. Reporting is also an excellent approach to demonstrate that you’re on track and that the ESG projects are genuine, rather than greenwashing hollow commitments or lip service.

ESG reports summarise both the qualitative and quantifiable benefits of a company’s ESG efforts, allowing investors to filter investments, match investments with their values, and avoid enterprises in danger of environmental harm, social missteps, or corruption.

What Precisely is the Distinction Between ESG and Sustainability?

Although ESG and sustainability are commonly used interchangeably, some significant differences exist. In general, sustainability relates to a company’s relationship with the environment, whereas ESG expands that relationship to include responsibility for society and corruption.

ESG constitutes an outside investment framework, or statistic, that assists organizations in communicating their efforts and investors in assessing the company’s performance and risk. On the other hand, sustainability is viewed as an internal structure that directs the organization’s capital investments. In other words, the motivation is sustainability, and the stated outcome is ESG.

As ESG is a reporting structure, it is more applicable to publicly traded corporations that want to draw in and inform investors and any other business seeking financing.

What is Included in ESG Reports?

ESG reports offer qualitative and quantitative data on the three core areas.


What is an organization doing to be a good environmental steward? The environmental umbrella includes the following provisions:

  • How is a corporation dealing with climate change?
  • What is a corporation doing to decrease its carbon footprint?
  • How is the company maintaining biodiversity, enhancing water and air quality, combating deforestation, or managing waste ethically?
  • How the organization manages its resources and supply chain responsibly?
  • What steps is the company taking to minimize its emissions?


What does an organization do to better people’s lives? The social umbrella includes:

  • How does a corporation care about its employees and workplace?
  • Initiatives to promote gender, BIPOC, and LGBTQ+ inclusion
  • Employee engagement at the company
  • Data security and privacy
  • Participation in the community
  • Human Rights and labor regulations


What is an organization undertaking to stay clear of corruption and guarantee long-term investments? The governance umbrella includes the following:

  • Internal controls in a business
  • Leadership, board composition, compensation for chief executives, auditing committee structure, rights for shareholders, corruption, lobbying, political contributions, and whistleblower programs are all governed by policies, principles, and processes.

ESG Reporting Framework

The environmental, social, and governance (ESG) reporting platform provides a broad, principle-based framework for an organization to implement ethical and environmentally friendly business practices. Frameworks help businesses enhance their ESG reporting by narrowing down how data to disclose, how to publicize it, as well as what they can do to demonstrate their sustainability. Though organizations can choose from a variety of frameworks, the following are the most widely used:

1. Global Reporting Initiative (GRI): The GRI is a set of three criteria — universal, sector, and topic — designed to assist organizations in developing an effective ESG report. Depending on their business and goals, organizations can employ a variety of standards (for example, a broad standard for climate change with a sector-specific norm on fossil fuel usage). GRI is utilized in ESG reporting by more than 7 out of 10 of the world’s major firms, which makes it the most widely used framework. You can acquire the reporting data, learn more about their criteria, and submit your ESG report on their website.

2. United Nations Global Compact (UNGC): The UNGC enables organizations to align with the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which have been accepted and adopted by all UN member states. The UNGC outlines ten principles organizations can follow in human rights, labor, the environment, and anti-corruption. On their website, you can join the UNGC, enroll in sustainability courses at their academy, and discover more about the UN’s sustainability aims.

3. Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD): The Financial Stability Board established the TCFD to assist corporations in disclosing the appropriate information so that investors can appropriately price and assess sustainability risks. Organizations can utilize TCFD to guarantee that relevant and consistent climate change disclosures are made public. On their website, you may download their suggestions, which cover governance, strategy, risk management, and metrics, and read more about their study.

ESG Reporting Standards

ESG reporting guidelines include precise requirements and measurements for each issue in an organization’s ESG report. Frameworks and standards work in tandem, with the former providing broad recommendations and the latter offering specific methodologies (for example, measuring energy in gigajoules). There are no common ESG reporting standards; many organizations seek to create such. Nonetheless, a few of the most well-known ESG reporting requirements are the European Financial Reporting Advisory Group (EFRAG) and Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB). The following are some of the most well-known ESG reporting standards:

  • Sustainable Accounting Standards Board (SASB)

The SASB assists organizations in identifying the most significant sustainability concerns in their industry by utilizing feedback from firms and investors. It contains data on 77 drives. You can view each standard by selecting your industry. Accounting requirements for energy and water use in data centers, user privacy policies, and other topics can be found under the Software & IT Services SASB requirements.

  • EFRAG (European Financial Reporting Advisory Group)

The EFRAG establishes financial and ERG reporting requirements throughout Europe. In 2022, the EFRAG issued the first draught of its sustainability criteria in collaboration with the European Commission. More information regarding their needs can be found on their official site, including a projected timetable for how the EU will begin implementing these criteria for businesses. Currently, the EFRAG has a set of general rules and requirements for European firms. They include, for example, standards addressing how your company affects the environment (e.g., biodiversity and ecosystems), society (e.g., consumers and end users), and governance (e.g., corporate behavior).

Why is ESG Reporting Crucial for Organizations?

ESG reporting is crucial for organizations for various reasons, and it has become a corporate standard across industries and nations.

1. Transparency

Organizations must be open about their operations since the effects of climate change and social responsibility in business are significant concerns. ESG reporting delivers such clarity by allowing organizations to report on their ESG activities and progress.

2. Investor interest

Investors have historically used a variety of criteria to assess an organization’s value and growth potential. An additional significant source of data to assist investors in making sound judgments is an ESG report.

3. Brand devotion

Consumers want to do business with companies that share their views on governance and sustainability. Consumers are more inclined to be loyal to companies that publish their ESG objectives and progress.

4. Compliance

Globally, there is an increase in rules requiring organizations to make public and publish information regarding ESG activities, sustainability, and governance. An ESG report allows organizations to make meaningful disclosures while ensuring regulatory compliance.

5. Risk administration

Organizations may be exposed to risk as a result of ESG concerns. An ESG report allows you to avoid these challenges by telling action and identifying potential risk areas.

6. Innovation

Reporting on ESG can also provide corporate benefits by driving and improving ESG strategies. Reports can be the catalyst that drives an organization to increase efficiency and discover areas for development.

7. Goalkeeping

An ESG report allows a company to hold itself responsible for its environmental, social, and governance claims and strategy. ESG reporting also allows for the tracking of objective progress, as many targets might be multiyear, more long-term plans that carry out over time.

Tips and Best Practices for Efficient ESG Reporting

ESG reporting can be a difficult and time-consuming process. As with any corporate disclosure, everything provided must be accurate and thorough.

Tips and Best Practices for Efficient ESG Reporting

Here are some best practices and pointers for efficient ESG reporting:

1. Define your goals. Make a plan for what you want the organization to accomplish. At the outset of reporting, having an array of specific objectives is crucial.

2. Determine who the stakeholders are. Knowing who the stakeholders are within the organization will aid in goal alignment and obtaining the correct data for reporting.

3. Investigate reports on ESG from industry thought leaders. ESG reports are no longer novel. Organizations may learn a great deal from industry leaders.

4. Data collection that is precise. Please ensure that the ESG data produced is accurate and verifiable and is gathered in a trustworthy and open manner.

5. Give context. Reporting on ESG should be more than just a collection of statistics and measures. There must also be context surrounding ESG activities to offer perspective on what is happening.

6. Make use of a framework. It is critical to adhere to the existing ESG framework since it gives direction and best practices for how the organization should format and deliver the report and its contents.

7. Repeat as necessary. An ESG report is not a one-time activity; organizations must examine, update, and enhance it annually.

To Conclude

An ESG or sustainability report is issued by a firm or organization that discusses the environmental, social, and governance (ESG) implications. It allows the organization to be more open about its dangers and possibilities. It is a communication tool crucial in persuading skeptics that the company’s actions are genuine. The growing importance of sustainability reports is backed by shareholders and other users requesting more information about companies’ sustainability, environmental, social, and governance strategies.


Q1. What does ESG stand for?

ESG is an acronym that means Environmental, Social, and Governance. Investors increasingly use non-financial elements as a component of their analytical process to uncover significant hazards and growth prospects.

Q2. What is an example of ESG Reporting?

Global warming, emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), deforestation, biodiversity, waste, and pollution are examples of ESG-related concerns.

Q3. Who reads ESG Reports?

When ESG data is linked to financial performance, finance teams, and executives may utilize ESG data to improve profitability, manage costs, uncover novel business possibilities, and identify areas for investment and divestment.

Also Read: Materiality Assessment ESG Reporting Tool


  • Dr. Tanushree Kain

    Tanushree is a passionate Environmentalist with a Doctorate in Environmental Sciences. She is also a Gold medalist in Master of Science (M.Sc), Environmental Sciences. She has 6 years of experience as a guest faculty in Environmental Sciences. With her combination of technical knowledge and research expertise, she can create clear, accurate, and engaging content that helps users get the maximum information regarding environmental topics.

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