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In a significant revelation by European Union scientists, this year is poised to break a monumental temperature record, marking 2023 as the hottest in the last 1,25,000 years. According to the latest data released by the EU’s Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), October surged as the warmest ever recorded in history, surpassing the previous record from 2019 by a substantial margin.
“The October temperature anomaly is very extreme, breaking the record by 0.4 degrees Celsius, which is a huge margin,” commented Samantha Burgess, Deputy Director of C3S. The soaring temperatures have been attributed to ongoing greenhouse gas emissions from human activities, coupled with the emergence of the El Nino weather pattern, causing a warming effect in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
The global average surface air temperature for October this year was 1.7 degrees Celsius higher than during 1850-1900, referred to by Copernicus as the pre-industrial period. This groundbreaking October revelation leads scientists to assert that “2023 to be the hottest in 1,25,000 years“, as it is now “virtually certain” to be recorded as the hottest year on record, surpassing the previous 2016 record, another El Nino year.
C3S’s data collection extends back to 1940. Combined with findings from the U.N.’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the conclusion is that this is the warmest period in the last 125,000 years, a timeframe determined using comprehensive sources such as ice cores, tree rings, and coral deposits.
Director Samantha Burgess expressed her surprise at the consecutive temperature record-breaking months, particularly in September, where temperatures significantly exceeded the previous records. Burgess said, “After last month’s surprises, new records surpass the prior ones. This year’s pattern appears less surprising than a month ago.”
Renowned climate scientist Michael Mann from the University of Pennsylvania highlighted the role of El Nino in these temperature surges, stating that most El Nino years are setting new records due to the additional global warmth they bring, compounding human-induced warming. According to recent scientific data, this phenomenon underscores the exceptional nature of 2023 to be the hottest in 1,25,000 years.
The implications of climate change are increasingly evident in extreme weather events globally, as 2023 is the hottest in 1,25,000 years. This year, devastating floods, heatwaves, and unprecedented wildfires have wreaked havoc in various regions. Piers Forster, a climate scientist at the University of Leeds, urged swift action to prevent these catastrophic events from becoming the norm. He emphasized the critical need to rapidly reduce greenhouse gas emissions over the next decade, suggesting it could cut the rate of warming by half.
Despite numerous nations setting ambitious emissions reduction goals, global carbon dioxide emissions hit a record high in 2022, highlighting the urgent need for substantial and concerted efforts to combat climate change.
The findings from EU scientists paint a stark picture of the urgency and severity of climate change, underscoring the critical need for immediate, collective action to avert the looming environmental crisis.